The Key to Theosophy
Helena Petrovna Blavatsky
The Key to Theosophy
Helena Petrovna Blavatsky
The Objects of the Society
Q. What are the objects of the "Theosophical Society"?
A. They are three, and have been so from the beginning.
1. To form the nucleus of a Universal Brotherhood of Humanity without
distinction of race, color, or creed.
2. To promote the study of Aryan *2) and other Scriptures, of the World's
religions and sciences, and to vindicate the importance of old Asiatic
literature, namely, of the Brahmanical, Buddhist, and Zoroastrian philosophies.
3. To investigate the hidden mysteries of Nature under every aspect possible,
and the psychic and spiritual powers latent in man especially.
These are, broadly stated, the three chief objects of the Theosophical Society.
*1) See also appendix at the end of this file
*2) H.P.B. means the original Indo-Germanic race from
H.P.B., The Theosophical Glossary,
and also the glossary at the end of this file)
Q. Can you give me some more detailed information upon these?
A. We may divide each of the three objects into as many explanatory clauses as
may be found necessary.
Q. Then let us begin with the first. What means would you resort to, in order to
promote such a feeling of brotherhood among races that are known to be of the
most diversified religions, customs, beliefs, and modes of thought?
A. Allow me to add that which you seem unwilling to express. Of course we know that with the exception of two remnants of races-the Parsees and the Jews-every nation is divided, not merely against all other nations, but even against
itself. This is found most prominently among the so-called civilized Christian
nations. Hence your wonder, and the reason why our first object appears to you a Utopia. Is it not so?
Q. Well, yes; but what have you to say against it?
A. Nothing against the fact; but much about the necessity of removing the causes which make Universal Brotherhood a Utopia at present.
Q. What are, in your view, these causes?
A. First and foremost, the natural selfishness of human nature. This
selfishness, instead of being eradicated, is daily strengthened and stimulated
into a ferocious and irresistible feeling by the present religious education,
which tends not only to encourage, but positively to justify it. People's ideas
about right and wrong have been entirely perverted by the literal acceptance of
the Jewish Bible. All the unselfishness of the altruistic teachings of Jesus has
become merely a theoretical subject for pulpit oratory; while the precepts of
practical selfishness taught in the Mosaic Bible, against which Christ so vainly
preached, have become ingrained into the innermost life of the Western nations.
"An eye for an eye and a tooth for a tooth" has come to be the first maxim of
your law. Now, I state openly and fearlessly, that the perversity of this
doctrine and of so many others Theosophy alone can eradicate.
The Common Origin of Man
A. Simply by demonstrating on logical, philosophical, metaphysical, and even
scientific grounds that: (a) All men have spiritually and physically the same
origin, which is the fundamental teaching of Theosophy. (b) As mankind is
essentially of one and the same essence, and that essence is one-infinite,
uncreate, and eternal, whether we call it God or Nature-nothing, therefore, can
affect one nation or one man without affecting all other nations and all other
men. This is as certain and as obvious as that a stone thrown into a pond will,
sooner or later, set in motion every single drop of water therein.
Q. But this is not the teaching of Christ, but rather a pantheistic notion.
A. That is where your mistake lies. It is purely Christian, although not Judaic,
and therefore, perhaps, your Biblical nations prefer to ignore it.
Q. This is a wholesale and unjust accusation. Where are your proofs for such a
A. They are ready at hand. Christ is alleged to have said: "Love each other" and
"Love your enemies;" for
… if ye love them (only) which love you, what reward (or merit) have ye? Do not
even the publicans the same? And if you salute your brethren only, what do ye
more than others? Do not even publicans so?
These are Christ's words. But Genesis says "Cursed be
servants shall he be unto his brethren." And, therefore, Christian but Biblical
people prefer the law of Moses to Christ's law of love. They base upon the Old
Testament, which panders to all their passions, their laws of conquest,
annexation, and tyranny over races which they call inferior. What crimes have
been committed on the strength of this infernal (if taken in its dead letter)
passage in Genesis, history alone gives us an idea, however inadequate.
At the close of the Middle Ages slavery, under the power of moral forces, had
For four hundred years men and women and children were torn from all whom they knew and loved, and were sold on the coast of Africa to foreign traders; they were chained below decks-the dead often with the living-during the horrible "middle passage," and, according to Bancroft, an impartial historian, two hundred and fifty thousand out of three and a quarter millions were thrown into the sea on that fatal passage, while the remainder were consigned to nameless misery in the mines, or under the lash in the cane and rice fields. The guilt of this great crime rests on the Christian Church. "In the name of the most Holy Trinity" the Spanish Government (Roman Catholic) concluded more than ten treaties authorizing the sale of five hundred thousand human beings; in 1562 Sir John Hawkins sailed on his diabolical errand of buying slaves in Africa and
selling them in the
while Elizabeth, the Protestant Queen, rewarded him for his success in this
first adventure of Englishmen in that inhuman traffic by allowing him to wear as
his crest "a demi-Moor in his proper color, bound with a cord, or, in other
words, a manacled Negro slave."
Q. I have heard you say that the identity of our physical origin is proved by
science, that of our spiritual origin by the Wisdom-Religion. Yet we do not find
Darwinists exhibiting great fraternal affection.
A. Just so. This is what shows the deficiency of the materialistic systems, and
proves that we Theosophists are in the right. The identity of our physical
origin makes no appeal to our higher and deeper feelings. Matter, deprived of
its soul and spirit, or its divine essence, cannot speak to the human heart. But
the identity of the soul and spirit, of real, immortal man, as Theosophy teaches
us, once proven and deep-rooted in our hearts, would lead us far on the road of
real charity and brotherly goodwill.
Q. But how does Theosophy explain the common origin of man?
A-1.By teaching that the root of all nature, objective and subjective, and
everything else in the universe, visible and invisible, is, was, and ever will
be one absolute essence, from which all starts, and into which everything
returns. This is Aryan ( See remark on the use of the word Aryan a while back)
philosophy, fully represented only by the Vedantins, and the Buddhist system.
With this object in view, it is the duty of all Theosophists to promote in every
practical way, and in all countries, the spread of non-sectarian education.
Q. What do the written statutes of your Society advise its members to do besides this? On the physical plane, I mean?
A. In order to awaken brotherly feeling among nations we have to assist in the
international exchange of useful arts and products, by advice, information, and
cooperation with all worthy individuals and associations (provided, however, add the statutes, "that no benefit or percentage shall be taken by the Society or
the 'Fellows' for its or their corporate services"). For instance, to take a
practical illustration. The organization of Society, depicted by Edward Bellamy,
in his magnificent work Looking Backwards, admirably represents the Theosophical idea of what should be the first great step towards the full realization of universal brotherhood. The state of things he depicts falls short of perfection, because selfishness still exists and operates in the hearts of men. But in the main, selfishness and individualism have been overcome by the feeling of
solidarity and mutual brotherhood; and the scheme of life there described
reduces the causes tending to create and foster selfishness to a minimum.
Q. Then as a Theosophist you will take part in an effort to realize such an
A. Certainly; and we have proved it by action. Have not you heard of the
Nationalist clubs and party which have sprung up in America since the
publication of Bellamy's book? They are now coming prominently to the front, and will do so more and more as time goes on. Well, these clubs and this party were started in the first instance by Theosophists. One of the first, the Nationalist Club of Boston, Massachusetts, has Theosophists for President and Secretary, and the majority of its executive belong to the T.S. In the constitution of all their clubs, and of the party they are forming, the influence of Theosophy and of the Society is plain, for they all take as their basis, their first and
fundamental principle, the Brotherhood of Humanity as taught by Theosophy. In
their declaration of Principles they state:
The principle of the Brotherhood of Humanity is one of the eternal truths that
govern the world's progress on lines which distinguish human nature from brute
What can be more Theosophical than this? But it is not enough. What is also
needed is to impress men with the idea that, if the root of mankind is one, then
there must also be one truth which finds expression in all the various
religions-except in the Jewish, as you do not find it expressed even in the
Q. This refers to the common origin of religions, and you may be right there.
But how does it apply to practical brotherhood on the physical plane?
A. First, because that which is true on the metaphysical plane must be also true
on the physical. Secondly, because there is no more fertile source of hatred and
strife than religious differences. When one party or another thinks himself the
sole possessor of absolute truth, it becomes only natural that he should think
his neighbor absolutely in the clutches of Error or the Devil. But once get a
man to see that none of them has the whole truth, but that they are mutually
complementary, that the complete truth can be found only in the combined views of all, after that which is false in each of them has been sifted out-then true
brotherhood in religion will be established. The same applies in the physical
Q. Please explain further.
A. Take an instance. A plant consists of a root, a stem, and many shoots and
leaves. As humanity, as a whole, is the stem which grows from the spiritual
root, so is the stem the unity of the plant. Hurt the stem and it is obvious
that every shoot and leaf will suffer. So it is with mankind.
Q. Yes, but if you injure a leaf or a shoot, you do not injure the whole plant.
A. And therefore you think that by injuring one man you do not injure humanity?
But how do you know? Are you aware that even materialistic science teaches that any injury, however, slight, to a plant will affect the whole course of its
future growth and development? Therefore, you are mistaken, and the analogy is
perfect. If, however, you overlook the fact that a cut in the finger may often
make the whole body suffer, and react on the whole nervous system, I must all
the more remind you that there may well be other spiritual laws, operating on
plants and animals as well as on mankind, although, as you do not recognize
their action on plants and animals, you may deny their existence.
Q. What laws do you mean?
A. We call them Karmic laws; but you will not understand the full meaning of the
term unless you study Occultism. However, my argument did not rest on the
assumption of these laws, but really on the analogy of the plant. Expand the
idea, carry it out to a universal application, and you will soon find that in
true philosophy every physical action has its moral and everlasting effect. Hurt
a man by doing him bodily harm; you may think that his pain and suffering cannot spread by any means to his neighbors, least of all to men of other nations.
We affirm that it will, in good time. Therefore, we say, that unless every man is
brought to understand and accept as an axiomatic truth that by having wronged
one man we wrong not only ourselves but the whole of humanity in the long run,
no brotherly feelings such as preached by all the great Reformers, preeminently
by Buddha and Jesus, are possible on earth.
Our Other Objects
Q. Will you now explain the methods by which you propose to carry out the second object?
A. To collect for the library at our headquarters of Adyar,
Fellows of their Branches for their local libraries-all the good works upon the
world's religions that we can. To put into written form correct information upon
the various ancient philosophies, traditions, and legends, and disseminate the
same in such practicable ways as the translation and publication of original
works of value, and extracts from and commentaries upon the same, or the oral
instructions of persons learned in their respective departments.
Q. And what about the third object, to develop in man his latent spiritual or
A. This has to be achieved also by means of publications, in those places where
no lectures and personal teachings are possible. Our duty is to keep alive in
man his spiritual intuitions. To oppose and counteract-after due investigation
and proof of its irrational nature-bigotry in every form, religious, scientific,
or social, and cant above all, whether as religious sectarianism or as belief in
miracles or anything supernatural. What we have to do is to seek to obtain
knowledge of all the laws of nature, and to diffuse it. To encourage the study
of those laws least understood by modern people, the so-called Occult Sciences, based on the true knowledge of nature, instead of, as at present, on
superstitious beliefs based on blind faith and authority. Popular folklore and
traditions, however fanciful at times, when sifted may lead to the discovery of
long-lost, but important, secrets of nature. The Society, therefore, aims at
pursuing this line of inquiry, in the hope of widening the field of scientific
and philosophical observation.
On the Sacredness of the Pledge
Q. Have you any ethical system that you carry out in the Society?
A. The ethics are there, ready and clear enough for whomsoever would follow
them. They are the essence and cream of the world's ethics, gathered from the
teachings of all the world's great reformers. Therefore, you will find
represented therein Confucius and Zoroaster, Lao-tzu and the Bhagavad-Gita , the precepts of Gautama Buddha and Jesus of Nazareth, of Hillel and his school, as of Pythagoras, Socrates, Plato, and their schools.
Q. Do the members of your Society carry out these precepts? I have heard of
great dissensions and quarrels among them.
A. Very naturally, since although the reform (in its present shape) may be
called new, the men and women to be reformed are the same human, sinning natures as of old. As already said, the earnest working members are few; but many are the sincere and well-disposed persons, who try their best to live up to the Society's and their own ideals. Our duty is to encourage and assist individual
fellows in self-improvement, intellectual, moral, and spiritual; not to blame or
condemn those who fail. We have, strictly speaking, no right to refuse admission
to anyone-especially in the Esoteric Section of the Society, wherein "he who
enters is as one newly born." But if any member, his sacred pledges on his word
of honor and immortal Self notwithstanding, chooses to continue, after that "new birth," with the new man, the vices or defects of his old life, and to indulge
in them still in the Society, then, of course, he is more than likely to be
asked to resign and withdraw; or, in case of his refusal, to be expelled. We
have the strictest rules for such emergencies.
Q. Can some of them be mentioned?
A. They can. To begin with, no Fellow in the Society, whether exoteric or
esoteric, has a right to force his personal opinions upon another Fellow.
It is not lawful for any officer of the Parent Society to express in public, by
word or act, any hostility to, or preference for, any one section, religious or
philosophical, more than another. All have an equal right to have the essential
features of their religious belief laid before the tribunal of an impartial
world. And no officer of the Society, in his capacity as an officer, has the
right to preach his own sectarian views and beliefs to members assembled, except when the meeting consists of his co-religionists. After due warning, violation of this rule shall be punished by suspension or expulsion.
This is one of the offenses in the Society at large. As regards the inner
section, now called the Esoteric, the following rules have been laid down and
adopted, so far back as 1880.
No Fellow shall put to his selfish use any knowledge communicated to him by any member of the first section (now a higher "degree"); violation of the rule being punished by expulsion.
Now, however, before any such knowledge can be imparted, the applicant has to bind himself by a solemn oath not to use it for selfish purposes, nor to reveal
anything said except by permission.
Q. But is a man expelled, or resigning, from the section free to reveal anything
he may have learned, or to break any clause of the pledge he has taken?
A. Certainly not. His expulsion or resignation only relieves him from the
obligation of obedience to the teacher, and from that of taking an active part
in the work of the Society, but surely not from the sacred pledge of secrecy.
Q. But is this reasonable and just?
A. Most assuredly. To any man or woman with the slightest honorable feeling a
pledge of secrecy taken even on one's word of honor, much more to one's Higher Self-the God within-is binding till death. And though he may leave the Section and the Society, no man or woman of honor will think of attacking or injuring a body to which he or she has been so pledged.
Q. But is not this going rather far?
A. Perhaps so, according to the low standard of the present time and morality.
But if it does not bind as far as this, what use is a pledge at all? How can
anyone expect to be taught secret knowledge, if he is to be at liberty to free
himself from all the obligations he had taken, whenever he pleases? What
security, confidence, or trust would ever exist among men, if pledges such as
this were to have no really binding force at all? Believe me, the law of
retribution (Karma) would very soon overtake one who so broke his pledge, and
perhaps as soon as the contempt of every honorable man would, even on this
physical plane. As well expressed in the New York Path just cited on this
subject,A pledge once taken, is forever binding in both the moral and the occult worlds.
If we break it once and are punished, that does not justify us in breaking it
again, and so long as we do, so long will the mighty lever of the Law (of Karma)
react upon us.
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